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NAC Jamaica | Profile of HIV in Jamaica

Profile of HIV in Jamaica

The material used in this section is taken from the Jamaican Ministry Of Health's National HIV/STI Program National Epidemic Update January to December 2008.

HIV/AIDS Cases

In this surveillance report, HIV/AIDS includes persons diagnosed with HIV infection (not AIDS), advanced HIV(not AIDS) and AIDS.

In Jamaica, it is estimated that 27,000 persons are living with HIV (UNAIDS, 2008). Of these, at least 50% of persons are unaware of their status.
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AIDS Cases and Deaths

In July 2005, the National HIV/STI Programme began monitoring cases of advanced HIV to reflect the need for treatment at an earlier stage of disease.

Persons with advanced HIV include persons with CD4 count < 350. Figures reported for AIDS cases between July 2005 and December 2007 include persons with advanced HIV.
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Transmission of HIV

In the last decade, there has been no significant change in the distribution of the reported risk factors and sexual practices among persons diagnosed with HIV/AIDS.

In Jamaica, HIV is primarily transmitted through sexual intercourse. Among all reported adult HIV cases on whom data about sexual practices are available (76% of cases), heterosexual practice is reported by more than 90% of persons.
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Other Most-At-Risk Populations

Jamaica has features of both a generalized and concentrated HIV epidemic as survey data confirms high HIV prevalence in some populations. Surveillance of STI clinic attendees in 2007 indicate that for every one thousand persons with a sexually transmitted infection, at least thirty six (36) were infected with HIV
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